Anopheles merus Dönitz, 1902

AFROTROPICAL REGION

Family
Subfamily
Genus
Subgenus
Series
Complex

 

Etymology: n.s. [pure, unmixed, genuine (L)]

Type locality: Dar-es-Salaam, Tanganyika [Tanzania]

Type depository: Zoologisches Museum der Humboldt Universität, Berlin, Germany (ZM)

 

TAXONOMIC KEYS

None

WRBU LUCID KEYS

 

 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Larva

 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Afrotropical - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Afrotropical - Larva

 

Exemplar DNA sequences

All Anopheles merus DNA sequences

 

DISTRIBUTION NOTES

Comoros, Eswatini, Kenya, Madagascar (includes Glorioso and Juan de Nova Isl.), Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Republic of South Africa, Somalia, Tanzania (includes Zanzibar), Zambia, Zimbabwe.

 

IMPORTANT REFERENCES

Dönitz 1902: 77 (M, F*)

Coluzzi 1964: 204 (M*, P, L, E*)

Gillies & De Meillon 1968: 223 (taxonomy, bionomics)

Cross 1983: 155 (dist.; Republic of South Africa)

Sinka et al. 2010: 117 (bionomics, review, distribution, niche model)

Becker et al. 2010: 326 (distribution, bionomics)

Kipyab et al. 2013 (bionomics)

Kyalo et al. 2017 (distribution; sub-Saharan Africa)

 

CURRENT SYNONYMS

syn. litoralis Halcrow

1957: 133 (M, F, P, L, E; as subspecies). Type locality: Pointe aux Piments, Mauritius (A). References: Stone et al. 1959: 43 (syn.?).

syn. tangensis Kuhlow

1962: 448 (M, F). Type locality: Tanga, Tanganyika [Tanzania] (BNI).

 

CURRENT SUBSPECIES

None

 

CITED REFERENCES

Becker, N., Petrić, D., Zgomba, M., Boase, C., Madon, M., Dahl, C., & Kaiser, A. (2010). Mosquitoes and their control (2nd ed.). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Coluzzi, M. (1964). Morphological divergences in the Anopheles gambiae complex. Rivista di malariologia, 43(4–6), 197–232.

Cross, H.A. (1983). A new distribution record of Anopheles merus Donitz. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 46(1), 155.

Dönitz, W. (1902). Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Anopheles. Zeitschrift für Hygiene, 41, 15–88.

Gillies, M.T., & De Meillon, B. (1968). The Anophelinae of Africa, south of the Sahara (Ethiopian Zoogeographical Region). Publications of the South African Institute for Medical Research, 54, 1–343.

Halcrow, J.G. (1957). A new sub-species of Anopheles gambiae Giles from Mauritius. East African Medical Journal, 34(4), 133–135.

Kipyab, P.C., Khaemba, B.M., Mwangangi, J.M., & Mbogo, C.M. (2013). The bionomics of Anopheles merus (Diptera: Culicidae) along the Kenyan coast. Parasites and Vectors, 6, 37–42.

Kuhlow, F. (1962). Beobachtungen und Experimente uber den Anopheles gambiae Komplex, Abtrennung von Anopheles tangensis n. sp.? Z Tropenmed Parasitol (Stuttgart), 13, 442–449.

Kyalo, D., Amratia, P., Mundia, C.W., Mbogo, C.M., Coetzee, M., & Snow, R.W. (2017). A geo-coded inventory of anophelines in the Afrotropical Region south of the Sahara: 1898–2016. Wellcome Open Research, 2, 57.

Sinka, M.E., Bangs, M.J., Manguin, S., Coetzee, M., Mbogo, C.M., Hemingway, J., . . . Hay, S.I. (2010a). The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in Africa, Europe and the Middle East: Occurrence, data, distribution maps and bionomic précis. Parasites and Vectors, 3(117), 1–34.

Stone, A., Knight, K.L., & Starcke, H. (1959). A synoptic catalog of the mosquitoes of the world (Diptera, Culicidae) (Vol. 6). Washington, DC: Thomas Say Foundation, Entomological Society of America.

 

CITE THIS PAGE

Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles merus species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website, http://wrbu.si.edu/vectorspecies/mosquitoes/merus, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].