Anopheles marajoara Galvão & Damasceno 1942




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Etymology: Marajó Island, Brazil.

Type locality: Cachoeira do Arari, Brazil.

Type depositoryDepartamento de Parasitologia da Faculdade de Medicina de Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, S.P., Brazil (FMSP)


Sallum, et al. 2020




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Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Panama, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela.



Galvão & Damasceno 1942b: 424 (M, F, L).

Galvão & Damasceno 1942c: 60–66 (repeat of orig. descr.?)

Lane 1953: 244 (synonymy)

Belkin et al. 1971: 4, 46 (taxonomy, type information)

Linthicum 1988: 198 (from syn. with albitarsis)

Rubio-Palis et al. 2003; Senise et al. 2006 (type information)

Motoki et al. 2009a (M*, F, P*, L*)

Sinka et al. 2010: 72 (bionomics, review, distribution, niche model)

Ruiz-Lopez et al. 2012 (molecular taxonomy; s.l.)

Foley et al. 2014 (distribution, bionomics, model; s.l.)

Laporta et al. 2015 (bionomics, distribution, niche model)

Sallum, et al. 2020 (keys F, M, L)



syn. domesticus Galvão & Damasceno 1944: 78 (M, F, E*).  Type locality: Cachoeira, Ilha de Marajó, Pará, Brazil (LU).  References:  Corrêa et al. 1950: 280 (bionomics); Belkin et al. 1971: 4 (type information); Linthicum 1988: 198 (synonymy).






Belkin, J.N., Schick, R.X., & Heinemann, S.J. (1971). Mosquito studies (Diptera, Culicidae). XXV. Mosquitoes originally described from Brazil. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, 7(5), 1–64.

Corrêa, R.R., Lima, F.O., & Coda, D. (1950). Observations on the flight and longevity in nature of Anopheles albitarsis domesticus. Journal of the National Malaria Society, 9(3), 280–284.

Foley, D.H., Linton, Y.-M., Ruiz-Lopez, J.F., Conn, J.E., Sallum, M.A.M., Povoa, M.M., . . . Wilkerson, R.C. (2014). Geographic distribution, evolution, and disease importance of species within the Neotropical Anopheles albitarsis group (Diptera, Culicidae). Journal of Vector Ecology, 39(1), 168–181.

Galvão, A.L., & Damasceno, R.G. (1942c). Sobre um novo Anofelino da Ilha Marajó, Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) marajoara n.sp. (Diptera, Culicidae). Folia clinica et biologica (São Paulo), 14, 60–66.

Galvão, A.L.A., & Damasceno, R.G. (1942b). Sobre um novo anofelino da Ilha de Marajó, Anopheles (N.) marajoara N. Sp. Anais Paulistas de medicina e cirurgia, 44(5), 424–427.

Galvão, A.L.A., & Damasceno, R.G. (1944). Observações sôbre anofelinos do complexo albitarsis (Diptera, Culicidae). Annales da Faculdade de Medicina de São Paulo, 20, 73–87.

Lane, J. (1953). Neotropical Culicidae (Vols. I–II). São Paulo, Brazil: University of São Paulo.

Laporta, G. Z., Linton, Y.-M., Wilkerson, R.C., Bergo, E.S., Nagaki, S.S., Sant’Ana, D.C., & Sallum, M.A.M. (2015). Malaria vectors in South America: Current and future scenarios. Parasites and Vectors, 8, 426.

Linthicum, K.J. (1988). A revision of the Argyritarsis Section of the subgenus Nyssorhynchus of Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosquito Systematics, 20(2), 98–271.

Motoki, M.T., Wilkerson, R.C., & Sallum, M.A.M. (2009a). The Anopheles albitarsis complex with the recognition of Anopheles oryzalimnetes Wilkerson and Motoki, n. sp. and Anopheles janconnae Wilkerson and Sallum, n. sp. (Diptera: Culicidae). Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 104(6), 823–850.

Rubio-Palis, Y., Wilkerson, R.C., & Guzmán, H. (2003). Morphological characters of adult Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) marajoara in Venezuela. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 19(2), 107–114.

Ruiz-Lopez, F., Wilkerson, R.C., Conn, J.E., McKeon, S.N., Levin, D.M., Quinones, M.L., . . . Linton, Y.-M. (2012). DNA barcoding reveals both known and novel taxa in the Albitarsis Group (Anopheles: Nyssorhynchus) of Neotropical malaria vectors. Parasites and Vectors, 5, 44.

Sallum, M.A.M., Obando, R.G., Carrejo, N. et al. Identification key to the Anopheles mosquitoes of South America (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasites and Vectors, 13, 542 (2020).

Senise, L., Motoki, M.T., & Sallum, M.A.M. (2006). Notes on the holotype of Anopheles marajoara Galvao & Damasceno (Diptera, Culicidae). Revista Brasileira de entomología, 50(4), 453–457.

Sinka, M.E., Rubio-Palis, Y., Manguin, S., Patil, A.P., Temperley, W.H., Gething, P.W., . . . Hay, S.I. (2010b). The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Americas: Occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis. Parasites and Vectors, 3(1), 72.



Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles marajoara species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website,, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].