Anopheles rhodesiensis Theobald, 1901




Etymology: Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)

Type locality: Mashonaland, Southern Rhodesia [Salisbury, Zimbabwe]

Type depository: Natural History Museum, London, England, United Kingdom (NHMUK)







adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Larva

 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Afrotropical - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Afrotropical - Larva


Exemplar DNA sequences

All Anopheles rhodesiensis DNA sequences



Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Republic of South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.



Theobald 1901a: 184 (M*, F*)

Christophers & Puri 1931b

De Meillon 1947b: 91 (M*, F*, L*)

Gillies 1955: 159 (E)

Ahmed et al. 2011 (distribution; Saudi Arabia; as rupicola)

Kyalo et al. 2017 (distribution; sub-Saharan Africa)






ssp. rupicolus Lewis 

1937: 181 (M*, F*, P, L; as sp.). Type loc.: Gebel [Jebel] Moya, near Sennar, Blue Nile, Sudan (NHMUK). Distr.: Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Niger, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Yemen. Refs.: De Meillon 1947b: 97 (M*, F*, L*, E*; ? = rhodesiensis); Lewis 1956a: 478 (tax.); Mattingly & Knight 1956: 96 (to ssp.); Senevet et al. 1959: 596 (P*); Kyalo et al. 2017 (distr.; sub-Saharan Africa); Robert et al. 2019 (distr.; western Palearctic). Ety.: rock dweller (L); “many hundreds [larvae] in a deep cleft in the rock.” Informal name: Rock-dwelling Sudanese Nail Mosquito. 

ssp. syn. aegypti Salem 

1938: 1 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*). Type loc.: Wadi Taba, Sinai, Egypt (LU). Refs.: Edwards 1941: 442 (? = rupicolus). 

ssp. syn. dthalisimilis Corradetti 

1939a: 58 (M, F, P*, L; rhodesiensis var.). Type loc.: Semien District [Ethiopia] (LU). Refs.: Edwards 1941: 442 (? = rupicolus). 



Ahmed, A.M., Shaalan, E.A., Aboul-Soud, M.A.M., Tripet, F., & Al-Khedhairy, A.A. (2011). Mosquito vectors survey in the Al-Ahsaa district of eastern Saudi Arabia. Journal of Insect Science, 11, 176.

Christophers, S.R., & Puri, I.M. (1931b). Notes on some anopheline mosquitoes collected in Sierra Leone including differentiation of Anopheles dthali Patton (Mediterranean) as a distinct species from Anopheles rhodesiensis Theo. (Ethiopian). Indian Journal of Medical Research (Calcutta), 18(4), 1133–1166.

Corradetti, A. (1939a). Studi morfologici sulla specie anofelica precedentemente identificata come A. dthali nel semien e sua classificazione come nuova varietà di A. rhodesiensis. Rivista di parassitologia, 3(1), 57–63.

De Meillon, B. (1947b). The Anophelini of the Ethiopian geographical region. Publications of the South African Institute for Medical Research, 10(49), 1–272.

Edwards, F.W. (1941). Mosquitoes of the Ethiopian Region. III. Culicine adults and pupae. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology.

Gillies, M.T. (1955). Notes on the eggs of some east African Anopheles. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 49(2), 158–160.

Kyalo, D., Amratia, P., Mundia, C.W., Mbogo, C.M., Coetzee, M., & Snow, R.W. (2017). A geo-coded inventory of anophelines in the Afrotropical Region south of the Sahara: 1898–2016. Wellcome Open Research, 2, 57.

Lewis, D.J. (1937). A new species of Anopheles from the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society B, 6(9), 181–183.

Lewis, D.J. (1956a). The anopheline mosquitos of the Sudan. Bulletin of Entomological Research London, 47(3), 475–494.

Mattingly, P.F., & Knight, K.L. (1956). The mosquitoes of Arabia. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History, 43(3), 91–141.

Robert, V., Günay, F., Le Goff, G., Boussès, P., Sulesco, T., Khalin, A., Medlock, J.M., Kampen, H., Petrić, D., & Schaffner, F. (2019). Distribution chart for Euro-Mediterranean mosquitoes (western Palaearctic region). Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association, 37, 1–28.

Salem, H.H. (1938). The mosquito fauna of Sinai Peninsula (Egypt) with a description of two new species. Publication of the Egyptian University, Faculty of Medicine, 16, 1–31.

Senevet, G., Clastrier, J., & Andarelli, L. (1959). Les moustiques du Tassili des Ajjer. V. Archives de Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, 37(4), 598–602.

Theobald, F.V. (1901a). A monograph of the Culicidae or mosquitoes (Vol. 1). London, England: British Museum (Natural History).



Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles rhodesiensis species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website,, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].