Anopheles messeae Falleroni, 1926




Etymology: Alessandro di Federico Messea

Type locality: [Pontine Marshes, Latium], Italy

Type depository: Location Unknown (LU)



Bates et al. 1949

White 1978

Becker et al. 2010



 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Larva

 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Western Palearctic - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Western Palearctic - Larva


Exemplar DNA sequences

All Anopheles messeae DNA sequences



Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Crimean Peninsula, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, FYRO Macedonia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, People’s Republic of China, Poland, Romania, Russia (Central, northwestern, Southern Dists., Volga), Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom.



Falleroni 1926: 564 (E*; claviger variety)

Bates 1940: 353 (to species); Aitken 1945: 308 (? = lewisi)

Bates et al. 1949 (F, L, E*; keys)

Rioux 1958: 102 (taxonomy)

Minar 1971: 92 (distribution)

White 1978 (taxonomy, review, keys, distribution)

Ramsdale & Snow 2000: 7 (distribution)

Alten et al. 2000 (distribution; Turkey)

Linton et al. 2002b (bionomics, molecular taxonomy, distribution; England)

Linton et al. 2002c (molecular taxonomy, distribution; Greece)

Nicolescu et al. 2004 (E*; molecular taxonomy, distribution; Romania)

Linton et al. 2003 (review; Maculipennis Complex)

Linton et al. 2005 (distribution, molecular taxonomy, distribution; United Kingdom, Ireland)

Linton et al. 2007 (molecular taxonomy, bionomics, distribution; Greece)

Qu & Zhu 2008 (distribution; People’s Republic of China)

Sinka et al. 2010: 117 (bionomics, review, distribution, niche model)

Becker et al. 2010: 175 (E*; key, taxonomy, distribution, bionomics)

Danabalan et al. 2014 (bionomics, distribution; United Kingdom)

Robert et al. 2019 (distribution, western Palearctic)









Aitken, T.H.G. (1945). Studies on the anopheline complex of western America. University of California Publications in Entomology, 7(11), 273–354.

Alten, B., Caglar, S.S., & Ozer, N. (2000). Malaria and its vectors in Turkey. European Mosquito Bulletin, 7, 27–33.

Bates, M. (1940). The nomenclature and taxonomic status of the mosquitoes of the Anopheles maculipennis complex. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 33(2), 343–356.

Bates, M., Beklemishev, W.N., & La Face, L. (1949). Anophelines of the Palearctic region. In M.F. Boyd (Ed.), Malariology: A comprehensive survey of all aspects of this group of diseases from a global standpoint, by 65 contributors (pp. 419–442). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.

Becker, N., Petrić, D., Zgomba, M., Boase, C., Madon, M., Dahl, C., & Kaiser, A. (2010). Mosquitoes and their control (2nd ed.). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Danabalan, R., Monaghan, M.T., Ponsonby, D.J., & Linton, Y.-M. (2014). Occurrence and host preferences of Anopheles maculipennis group mosquitoes in England and Wales. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 28, 169–178.

Falleroni, D. (1926). Fauna anofelica italiana e suo “habitat” (paludi, risaie, canali). Metodi di lotta contro la malaria. Revista di malariologia, 5(5–6), 553–593.

Linton, Y.-M., Lee, A.S., & Curtis, C. (2005). Discovery of a third member of the Maculipennis Group in SW England. European Mosquito Bulletin, 19, 5–9.

Linton, Y.-M., Samanidou-Voyadjoglou, A., & Harbach, R.E. (2002c). Ribosomal ITS2 sequence data for Anopheles maculipennis and An. messeae in northern Greece, with a critical assessment of previously published sequences. Insect Molecular Biology, 11(4), 379–383.

Linton, Y.-M., Smith, L., & Harbach, R.E. (2002b). Molecular confirmation of sympatric populations of Anopheles messeae and Anopheles atroparvus overwintering in Kent, southeast England. European Mosquito Bulletin, 13, 8–16.

Linton, Y.-M., Smith, L., Koliopoulos, G., Samanidou-Voyadjoglou, A., Zounos, A.K., & Harbach, R.E. (2003). Morphological and molecular characterization of Anopheles (Anopheles) maculipennis Meigen, type species of the genus and nominotypical member of the Maculipennis Complex. Systematic Entomology, 28(1), 39–55.

Linton, Y.-M., Smith, L., Koliopoulos, G., Zounos, A.K., Samanidou-Voyadjoglou, A., Patsoula, E., & Harbach, R.E. (2007). The Anopheles (Anopheles) maculipennis complex (Diptera: Culicidae) in Greece. Journal of Natural History, 41(41–44), 2683–2699.

Nicolescu, G., Linton, Y.-M., Vladimirescu, A., Howard, T.M., & Harbach, R.E. (2004). Mosquitoes of the Anopheles maculipennis group (Diptera: Culicidae) in Romania, with the discovery and formal recognition of a new species based on molecular and morphological evidence. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 94, 525–535.

Qu, F., & Zhu, H. (2008). On a checklist of the anopheline mosquitoes in China with rectification for some specific names. Chinese Journal of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, 26(3), 210–216.

Ramsdale, C.D., & Snow, K. (2000). Distribution of the genus Anopheles in Europe. European Mosquito Bulletin, 7, 1–26.

Rioux, J.A. (1958). Les culicides du Midi Mediterraneen étude systematique et écologique. Encyclopedie entomologique A, 35, 1–303.

Robert, V., Günay, F., Le Goff, G., Boussès, P., Sulesco, T., Khalin, A., Medlock, J.M., Kampen, H., Petrić, D., & Schaffner, F. (2019). Distribution chart for Euro-Mediterranean mosquitoes (western Palaearctic region). Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association, 37, 1–28.

Sinka, M.E., Bangs, M.J., Manguin, S., Coetzee, M., Mbogo, C.M., Hemingway, J., . . . Hay, S.I. (2010a). The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in Africa, Europe and the Middle East: Occurrence, data, distribution maps and bionomic précis. Parasites and Vectors, 3(117), 1–34.

White, G.B. (1978). Systematic reappraisal of the Anopheles maculipennis complex. Mosquito Systematics, 10(1), 13–44.



Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles messeae species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website,, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].