Anopheles ludlowae (Theobald, 1903)




Etymology: Clara Ludlow

Type locality: Luzon, Philippines

Type depository: Natural History Museum, London, England, United Kingdom (NHMUK)


Baisas & Dowell 1967

Cagampang-Ramos & Darsie 1970

Lee et al. 1987b



 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Larva

 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Indomalaya - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Indomalaya - Larva

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WRBU - Genera - Oriental - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Oriental - Larva

 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Anopheles Subgenera and Series - Indomalaya - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Anopheles Subgenera and Series - Indomalaya - Larva

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Anopheles Subgenera and Series - Oriental - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Anopheles Subgenera and Series - Oriental - Larva

 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Anopheles (Cel.) Pyretophorus Series - Indomalaya - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Anopheles (Cel.) Pyretophorus Series - Indomalaya - Larva

Exemplar DNA sequences

All Anopheles ludlowae DNA sequences



India (includes Andaman Isl.), Indonesia (Borneo, Flores, Java, Moluccas, Sulawesi, Sumatra [includes Ketulauan Riouw Archipelago, Timor]), People’s Republic of China (includes Hainan), Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand.



(Theobald) 1903a: 42 (F*; Myzomyia; as ludlowii)

Baisas 1936a: 216 (P*)

Urbino 1936: 267 (E*)

Bonne-Wepster & Swellengrebel 1953: 404 (M*, F*, L*)

Stone 1957 (1956): 333 (emend. to ludlowae)

Hara 1959: 111 (F*)

Baisas & Dowell 1967 (F*, L*; keys; Philippines)

Mattingly 1969c (E*)

Cagampang-Ramos & Darsie 1970 (F*, L*; keys)

Basio 1971b: 41 (M*, F*; bionomics)

Basio 1971b: 42 (M*, F*; bionomics; as cabrerai)

Baisas 1974: 64 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*; taxonomy, bionomics, distribution; Philippines)

Baisas 1974: 66 (M, F*, P, L; taxonomy, bionomics, distribution; Philippines; as cabrerai)

Darsie & Cagampang-Ramos 1977 (taxonomy; cabrerai to syn. with ludlowae)

Lee et al. 1987b: 236 (F; key, taxonomy, bionomics, distribution, review)

Whelan & Hapgood 2000



syn. formosensis Koidzumi

1917: 354 (F; as variety). Type locality: Port Ari, Ako Prefecture, Formosa [Taiwan, Republic of China] (LU).

syn. hatorii Koidzumi

1920: 24 (F, L). Type locality: Formosa [Taiwan, Republic of China] (LU). References: King 1932a: 322 (synonymy).



ssp. torakala Stoker & Waktoedi Koesoemawinangoen

1949: 58 (M*, F*). Type locality: Torakala, Sulewesi [Sulawesi], Indonesia (LU). Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi). References: Baisas 1974: 65 (M, F, E*; taxonomy, bionomics, distribution; Philippines); Kitzmiller 1982: 539 (type loc. information); Harbach & Howard 2007: 40 (to subspecies). Etymology: Torakala, South Sulawesi Province

ssp. cabrerai Cagampang-Ramos & Darsie

1969: 34 (F; as ludlowae subspecies). In Darsie & Cagampang-Ramos 1969 (p. 34). Type locality: Philippines (LU). References: Darsie & Cagampang-Ramos 1977: 123 (synonymy with ludlowae).



Baisas, F.E. (1936a). Notes of Philippine mosquitoes. VI. The pupal characters on anophelines of the subgenus Myzomyia. Philippine Journal of Science, 61(2), 205–245.

Baisas, F.E. (1974). The mosquito fauna of Subic Bay Naval Reservation, Republic of the Philippines. San Francisco, CA: First Medical Service Wing (PACAF), Technical Report 72-2.

Baisas, F.E., & Dowell, F.H. (1967). Keys to the adult female and larval anopheline mosquitoes of the Philippines. Journal of Medical Entomology, 4(1), 11–24.

Basio, R.G. (1971b). The mosquito fauna of the Philippines (Diptera Culicidae). Monograph No. 4. Manila, Philippines: National Museum of the Philippines.

Bonne-Wepster, J., & Swellengrebel, N.H. (1953). The anopheline mosquitoes of the Indo-Australian Region. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: de Bussy.

Cagampang-Ramos, A., & Darsie, R.F., Jr. (1970). Illustrated keys to the Anopheles mosquitoes of the Philippine Islands. US Air Force 5th Epidemiology Flight, PACAF, Technical Report 70-1, 1–49.

Darsie, R.F., Jr., & Cagampang-Ramos, A. (1969). Manual of malaria entomology. A handbook of laboratory and field training exercises (2nd ed.). Manila, Philippines: Malaria Eradication Training Center.

Darsie, R.F., Jr., & Cagampang-Ramos, A. (1977). A study of Anopheles ludlowae Theobald siblings, leading to new synonymy (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosquito Systematics, 9(2), 123–127.

Hara, J. (1959). Taxonomical notes on the female terminalia of some anopheline mosquitoes of Japan and Formosa. Part 12. Taxonomic and ecological studies on mosquitoes of Japan. Japanese Journal of Experimental Medicine, 29(2), 107–119.

Harbach, R.E., & Howard, T.M. (2007). Corrections in the status and rank of names used to denote varietal forms of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). Zootaxa, 1542, 35–48.

King, W.V. (1932a). The Philippine Anopheles of the Rossi-Ludlowi group. Philippine Journal of Science, 47(3), 305–342.

Kitzmiller, J.B. (1982). Anopheline names: Their derivations and histories (Vol. VIII, Thomas Say Foundation Series). College Park, MD: Entomological Society of America.

Koidzumi, M. (1917). On the anopheline mosquitoes from Formosa. Dobutsugaku zasshi (Tokyo), 29, 131–142, 351–355.

Koidzumi, M. (1920). Preventive medical study of mosquitoes in Formosa. Daiwan Kenkyujo Hokoku [Report of the Formosa Government], 8, 1–158.

Lee, D.J., Hicks, M.M., Griffiths, M., Debenham, M.L., Bryan, J.H., Russell, R.C., . . . Marks, E.N. (1987b). The Culicidae of the Australasian Region (Vol. 5). Commonwealth Department of Health, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine Monograph Series, 2. Canberra: Australian Government.

Mattingly, P.F. (1969c). Mosquito eggs. II. III. Tribe Anophelini. Mosquito Systematics Newsletter, 1(3), 41–50.

Stoker, W.J., & Waktoedi Koesoemawinangoen, R. (1949). Illustrated map of the anopheline imagines of Indonesia [English trans.]. Djakarta, Indonesia: Ministry of Health.

Stone, A. (1957a). Corrections in the taxonomy and nomenclature of mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 58(for 1956), 333–344.

Theobald, F.V. (1903a). A monograph of the Culicidae of the World (Vol. 3). London, England: British Museum (Natural History).

Urbino, C.M. (1936). The eggs of some Philippine Anopheles. Monthly Bulletin of the Bureau of Health, 16, 261–275.

Whelan, P., & Hapgood, G. (2000). A mosquito survey of Dili, East Timor, and implications for disease control. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 8, 405–416.



Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles ludlowae species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website,, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].