Anopheles evansae (Brèthes, 1926)

NEOTROPICAL REGION

Family
Subfamily
Genus
Subgenus
Section
Series
Group
Subgroup

 

Etymology: Alwen Myfanwy Evans.

Type locality: Tucumán, Argentina.

Type depositoryMuseo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadaviall, Buenos Aires, Argentina [Now Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, includes types formerly in MLP & MEPRA] (BA)

TAXONOMIC KEYS

Faran 1980: 67

 

WRBU LUCID KEYS

 

 adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Adult

 larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Larva

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Neotropical - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Neotropical - Larva

Exemplar DNA sequences

All Anopheles evansae sequences

 

DISTRIBUTION NOTES

Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela.

 

IMPORTANT REFERENCES

Brèthes 1926b: 106 (M; Cellia)

Senevet 1932a: 252 (P)

Pinto 1939: 425 (F*, L*; from syn. with tarsimaculatus)

Belkin et al. 1968: 10 (taxonomy)

Faran 1980: 67 (M*, F*, P*, L*; keys, taxonomy, bionomics, distribution; as noroestensis)

Faran 1981 (M*; lectotype designation)

Peyton et al. 1983: 70 (emend. to evansae)

Calderón et al. 1995 (distribution; Peru)

Sallum et al. 2002b: 11 (E*)

Rossi & Martínez 2003: 471 (distribution; Uruguay)

 

CURRENT SYNONYMS

syn. metcalfi Galvão & Lane

1937b: 218 (M, E*; as variety).  Type locality: Porto das Caixas, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (USNM). References: Lane 1949: 403 (synonymy); Belkin et al. 1971: 6 (taxonomy, lectotype designation); Faran 1981: 87 (from syn. with oswaldoi to syn. with noroestensis).

syn. noroestensis Galvão & Lane

1937b: 220 (A, M, E*; oswaldoi variety).  Type locality: Novo Oriente [Pereira Barreto], near Lussanvira, São Paulo, Brazil (FH).  References:  Galvão & Damasceno 1942a: 125 (to species); Rozeboom 1942a: 240 (E*); Galvão et al. 1943; Deane, L.M. et al. 1946 (F*; key, bionomics; NE Brazil & Amazonas); Causey et al. 1946 (M*; key; NE Brazil & Amazonas); Deane, M.P. et al. 1946 (L*; key, bionomics; NE Brazil & Amazonas); Lane 1953: 264 (M*, F, P, L*, E*); Belkin et al. 1971: 6 (lectotype designation); Faran 1981 (M*; syn. with evansi [sic?]; lectotype designation).

syn. ayrozai Unti

1940b: 379 (F, P, L, E*; oswaldoi variety).  Type locality: Guaratingueta, São Paulo, Brazil (NE).  References:  Lane 1949: 403 (synonymy); Belkin et al. 1971: 6 (taxonomy); Faran 1981: 87 (synonymy).

syn. clarki Komp

1943 (1942): 197 (M*, F).  Type locality: Monteros, Tucumán, Argentina (LU).  References:  Lane 1949: 403 (synonymy); Faran 1981: 88 (synonymy).

 

CURRENT SUBSPECIES

None

 

CITED REFERENCES

Belkin, J.N., Schick, R.X., & Heinemann, S.J. (1968). Mosquito studies (Diptera, Culicidae). XI. Mosquitoes originally described from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, 4(1), 9–29.

Belkin, J.N., Schick, R.X., & Heinemann, S.J. (1971). Mosquito studies (Diptera, Culicidae). XXV. Mosquitoes originally described from Brazil. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, 7(5), 1–64.

Brèthes, J. (1926b). Description provisoire de deux espèces nouvelles d’Anophelinae argentins. Prensa médica Argentina, 13(3), 106–107.

Calderón Falero, G., Fernández, R., & Valle, J. (1995). Especiés de la fauna anofelina, su distribución y algunas consideraciones sobre su abundancia e infectividad en el Perú. Revista Peruana de epidmiología, 8(1), 5–23.

Causey, O.R., Deane, L.M., & Deane, M.P. (1946). II. An illustrated key by male genitalic characteristics for the identification of thirty-four species of Anophelini from the northeast and Amazon regions of Brazil, with a note on dissection technique. American Journal of Hygiene Monograph Series, 18, 21–31.

Deane, L.M., Causey, O.R., & Deane, M.P. (1946). I. An illustrated key by adult female characteristics for the identification of thirty-five species of Anophelini, with notes on the malaria vectors (Diptera, Culicidae). In Studies on Brazilian anophelines from the northeast and Amazon regions (pp. 1–18). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Deane, M.P., Causey, O.R., & Deane, L.M. (1946). III. An illustrated key by larval characteristics for the identification of thirty-two species of Anophelini, with descriptions of two larvae. In Studies on Brazilian anophelines from the northeast and Amazon regions (pp. 33–50). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Faran, M.E. (1980). Mosquito studies (Diptera: Culicidae). XXXIV. A revision of the Albimanus section of the subgenus Nyssorhynchus of Anopheles. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, 15(7), 1–215.

Faran, M.E. (1981). Synonomy of Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) noroestensis with An. (Nys.) evansi, with a description of the male genitalia of the lectotype of An. (Nys.) evansi (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosquito Systematics, 13(1), 86–91.

Galvão, A.L., Lane, J., & Unti, O. (1943). Sôbre a Anopheles noroestensis Galvão & Lane, 1938. Arquivos de higiene e saúde pública (São Paulo), 19, 35–48.

Galvão, A.L.A., & Damasceno, R.G. (1942a). Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) konderi nova espécie de Anopheles do vale do Amazonas e considerações sobre as espécies do complexo tarsimaculatus (Diptera, Culicidae). Folia clinica et biologica, 14(5–6), 115–135.

Galvão, A.L.A., & Lane, J. (1937b). Nota sobre os Nyssorhynchus de S. Paulo. VII. Estudo sobre as variedades deste grupo com a descrição de Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) albitarsis Arrib., 1878 var. limai n. var. Annais da Faculdade de Medicina de São Paulo, 13, 211–238.

Lane, J. (1949). Anophelines of the Neotropical Region. In M.F. Boyd (Ed.), Malariology: A comprehensive survey of all aspects of this group of diseases from a global standpoint (Vol. 1, pp. 399–418). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.

Lane, J. (1953). Neotropical Culicidae (Vols. I–II). São Paulo, Brazil: University of São Paulo.

Peyton, EL, Roberts, D.R., Pinheiro, F.P., Vargas, R., & Balderama, F. (1983). Mosquito collections from a remote unstudied area of southeastern Bolivia. Mosquito Systematics, 15(2), 61–89.

Pinto, C. (1939). Disseminacão da malaria pela aviacão; biologia do Anopheles gambiae e outros anofelineos do Brasil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 34(3), 293–430.

Rossi, G.C., & Martínez, M. (2003). Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) from Uruguay. Entomon Vect, 10(4), 469–478.

Rozeboom, L.E. (1942a). Subspecific variations among Neotropical Anopheles mosquitoes, and their importance in the transmission of malaria. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 22(3), 235–255.

Sallum, M.A.M., Bergo, E.S., Forattini, O.P., & Flores, D.C. (2002b). The eggs of Anopheles galvaoi and Anopheles evansae, two species of the subgenus Nyssorhynchus. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 18(1), 10–15.

Senevet, G. (1932a). Contribution à l’étude des nymphes d’anophelines (3e Memoire). Archives de l’Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, 10(2), 204–254.

 

CITE THIS PAGE

Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles evansae species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website, http://wrbu.si.edu/mosquitoes/vectorspecies/evansae, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].