Culex modestus Ficalbi, 1890

PALEARCTIC REGION

Family
Subfamily
Tribe
Genus
Subgenus

 

Etymology:  unassuming (L); nondescript overall color.

Type locality:  Ravenna [Emilia], Italy.

Type depository:  Unknown

TAXONOMIC KEYS

Becker et al. 2010: 265

WRBU LUCID KEYS

 

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Adult

 

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Larva

Exemplar DNA sequences

All Culex modestus DNA sequences

 

DISTRIBUTION NOTES

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Crimean Peninsula, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (includes Corsica), FYRO Macedonia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Israel (and Gaza Strip and West Bank), Italy (includes Sicily), Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, Pakistan, People’s Republic of China, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom.

 

IMPORTANT REFERENCES

Ficalbi 1890a: 93 (F)

Séguy 1924: Pl. XII (L*)

Barraud 1934: 346 (M*, F, L)

Stackelberg 1937: 219 (M*)

Senevet 1947a: 109 (L*)

Senevet 1949: 52 (M*)

Monchadskii 1951: 245 (L*)

Senevet & Andarelli 1959: 80 (M*, F, P*, L*)

Brunhes & Venard 1966 (taxonomy)

Polyakova 1970b: 136 (distribution; USSR)

Aslamkhan 1971b (distribution; Pakistan)

Lotfi 1973: 206 (distribution; Iran)

Gutsevich et al. 1974: 351 (M*, F, L*)

Margalit & Tahori 1974: 85 (distribution; Israel)

Mattingly 1975: 22 (E*)

Minar 1976: 335 (distribution)

Moussiegt 1990 (complete annotated bibliography)

Alten et al. 2000 (distribution; Turkey)

Eritja et al. 2000: 12 (distribution; Spain)

Országh et al. 2001: 19 (distribution; Slovakia)

Rueda, Pecor et al. 2008: 397 (distribution)

Becker et al. 2010: 265 (M*, F*, L*; keys, taxonomy, distribution, bionomics

Osório et al. 2010 (distribution, Portugal)

Namazov 2014 (distribution; Azerbaijan)

Gunay et al. 2015 (molecular taxonomy, distribution; Turkey)

Robert et al. 2019 (distribution; Western Palearctic) 

 

CURRENT SYNONYMS

None

 

CURRENT SUBSPECIES

None

 

CITED REFERENCES

Ahmed, A.M., Shaalan, E.A., Aboul-Soud, M.A.M., Tripet, F., & Al-Khedhairy, A.A. (2011). Mosquito vectors survey in the Al-Ahsaa district of eastern Saudi Arabia. Journal of Insect Science, 11, 176.

Al-Houty, W. (1997). Checklist of the insect fauna of Kuwait. Kuwait Journal of Science and Engineering, 24(1), 145–162.

Alten, B., Caglar, S.S., & Ozer, N. (2000). Malaria and its vectors in Turkey. European Mosquito Bulletin, 7, 27–33.

Aslamkhan, M. (1971b). The mosquitoes of Pakistan. I. A checklist. Mosquito Systematics, 3(4), 147–159.

Barraud, P.J. (1924f). A revision of the culicine mosquitoes of India. Part XII. Further descriptions of Indian species of Culex L. including two new species. Indian Journal of Medical Research (Calcutta), 11(4), 1259–1274.

Barraud, P.J. (1934). The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Diptera: Vol. 5. Family Culicidae, tribes Megarhinini and Culicini. London, England: Taylor and Francis.

Becker, N., Petrić, D., Zgomba, M., Boase, C., Madon, M., Dahl, C., & Kaiser, A. (2010). Mosquitoes and their control (2nd ed.). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Brunhes, J., & Venard, P. (1966). Contribution a l’étude des culicidés de la région éthiopienne. Description de Culex (Barraudius) richeti n. sp. Notes complémentaires sur Culex (B.) pusillus Macquart et Culex (B.) modestus Ficalbi. Cahiers ORSTOM. Série entomologie médicale et parasitologie, 4(7), 75–84.

Eritja, R., Aranda, C., Padrós, J., Goula, M., Lucientes, J., Escosa, R., . . . Cáceres, F. (2000). An annotated checklist and bibliography of the mosquitoes of Spain (Diptera: Culicidae). European Mosquito Bulletin, 8, 10–18.

Ficalbi, E. (1890a). Notizie preventive sulle zanzare italiane. IV. Nota preventiva (1). Descrizione di una specie nuova. Zanzara di colorito modesto. Culex modestus, n. sp. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana, 21(for 1889), 93–94.

Gunay, F., Alten, B., Simsek F., Aldemir, A. & Linton, Y.-M. (2015). Barcoding Turkish Culex mosquitoes to facilitate arbovirus vector incrimination studies reveals hidden diversity and new potential vectors. Acta Tropica, 143, 112-20. 

Gutsevich, A.V., Monchadskii, A.S., & Shtakel’berg, A.A. (1974). Mosquitoes, Family Culicidae. In Fauna of the USSR. Diptera. New series No. 100, 3(4). Jerusalem, Israel: Keter Publishing House. (Original work published 1971).

Lotfi, M.D. (1973). Iranian species of genus Culex (Culicinae: Diptera). II. Report of four species of larvae (including three new records) and 14 adult species. Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique et de ses filiales, 66(1), 204–207.

Margalit, J., & Tahori, A.S. (1974). An annotated list of mosquitoes in Israel. Israel Journal of Entomology, 9, 77–91.

Mattingly, P.F. (1975). Mosquito eggs. XXVII. Mosquito Systematics, 7(1), 19–26.

Minar, J. (1976). Culiciden aus der Mongolei (Diptera). Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 22(3–4), 335–350.

Monchadskii, A.S.M. (1951). The larvae of bloodsucking mosquitoes of the USSR and adjoining countries (Subfam. Culicinae). Tableaux analytiques de la faune de l’URSS (Musée Zoologique de l’Académie des Sciences), 37, 1–290.   

Monchadsky, A.S. (1936). Les larves des moustiques (Fam. Culicidae) de l’URSS et des pays limitrophes. Tableaux analytiques de la faune de l’URSS (Musee Zoologique de l’Académie des Sciences), 24, 1–383.

Moussiegt, O. (1990). Bibliographie. In Aedes (Barraudius) modestus Ficalbi, 1889 (Document E.I.D. No. 59, pp. 1–35). Entente Interdépartementale pour la démoustication du Littoral Meditérranéen.

Namazov, N.D. (2014). The distribution of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Republic of Azerbaijan. Entomological Review, 92, 280–282.

Országh, I., Halgoš, J., Jalili, N., & Labuda, M. (2001). Mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) of Slovakia II. European Mosquito Bulletin, 11, 1–26.

Osório, H.C., Amaro, F., Zé-Zé, L., Pardal, S., Mendes, S., Ventim, R., . . . Alves, M.J. (2010). Mosquito species distribution in mainland Portugal. European Mosquito Bulletin, 28, 187–193.

Polyakova, P.E. (1970b). Records of the bloodsucking mosquito fauna of Northern Siberia (Diptera, Culicinae). In A.I. Cherepanov (Ed.), Fauna Sibiri (pp. 132–137). Akademia Nauk SSR.

Robert, V., Günay, F., Le Goff, G., Boussès, P., Sulesco, T., Khalin, A., Medlock, J.M., Kampen, H., Petrić, D., & Schaffner, F. (2019). Distribution chart for Euro-Mediterranean mosquitoes (western Palaearctic region). Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association, 37, 1–28.

Rueda, L.M., Pecor, J.E., Lowen., R. G., & Carder, M. (2008). New record and updated checklist of the mosquitoes of Afghanistan and Iraq. Journal of Vector Ecology, 3(2), 397–402.

Séguy, E. (1924). Les moustiques de l’Afrique Mineure, de l’Égypte et de la Syrie. Encyclopédie Entomologique A, 1, 1–257.

Senevet, G. (1947a). Le genre Culex en Afrique du nord. I. Les larves. Archives de l’Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, 25(2), 109–136.

Senevet, G. (1949). Le genre Culex en Afrique du Nord. 2. Les armures genitales mâles. Archives de l’Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, 27(1), 48–65.

Senevet, G., & Andarelli, L. (1959). Les moustiques de l’Afrique du Nord et du Bassin Meditérranéen. Les genres Culex, Uranotaenia, Theobaldia, Orthopodomyia et Mansonia. P. Lechevallier (Ed.), Encyclopédie Entomologique (Paris), 35, 1–383.

Shingarev, N.I. (1927). Notes on Culicidae. II. Tropichenskai meditsina I: Veterinariia, 5, 545–550.

Stackelberg, A.A. (1937). Faune de l’URSS. Insectes, Diptères. Vol. III no. 4. Fam. Culicidae (Subfam. Culicinae). Institut zoologique de l’Academie des Sciences de l’URSS, Nouvelle Série No. 11, Moscow, 1–258.

Stschelkanovzev, J. (1926). Zur Kenntnis der Steckmucken Fauna von Sud-Ost RSFSR. Bulletin de la Société Naturelle de Voroneje, 1, 123–134.

 

CITE THIS PAGE

Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Culex inatomii species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website, http://wrbu.si.edu/mosquitoes/vectorspecies/cx_inatomii, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].