Anopheles sacharovi Favre, 1903




Etymology: Nikolai Alekseevich Sacharov

Type locality: Evlaxe, Yelizavetpol District, Transcaucasia [Elisabethpol, Caucasus, USSR]

Type depository: Central State Museum of Zoology, Moscow, Russia (ZMM)



Bates et al. 1949

White 1979

Becker et al. 2010




adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Global - Larva

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Eastern Palearctic - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Eastern Palearctic - Larva

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Genera - Western Palearctic - Adult

larval key icon

WRBU - Genera - Western Palearctic - Larva

adult mosquito key icon

WRBU - Anopheles - Republic of Georgia - Adult


Exemplar DNA sequences

All Anopheles sacharovi DNA sequences



Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Crimean Peninsula, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Israel (and Gaza Strip and West Bank), Italy (includes Sardinia), Jordan, Lebanon, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Palestine, People’s Republic of China, Portugal, Russia (Southern Districts.), Spain, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey.



Favre 1903: 189 (A)

Martini 1929: 143 (M*, F*, L*, E*; as elutus)

Ross & Roberts 1943b: 1 (M*, F*, L*; taxonomy, distribution, bionomics)

Bates et al. 1949 (F, L, E*; keys)

White 1979 (taxonomy, review, keys, distribution; lectotype designation, male)

Glick 1992: 129 (distribution)

Hadjivassilis 2000: 38 (distribution; Greece)

Ramsdale & Snow 2000 (distribution; Europe)

Sedaghat et al. 2003a: 243 (M*, F, P*, L*, E; taxonomy)

Sedaghat et al. 2003b (distribution, Iran)

Linton et al. 2003 (review; Maculipennis Complex)

Qu & Zhu 2008 (distribution; People’s Republic of China)

Linton et al. 2007 (molecular taxonomy, bionomics, distribution; Greece)

Sinka et al. 2010: 117 (bionomics, review, distribution, niche model)

Becker et al. 2010: 175 (F*, E*; keys, taxonomy, distribution, bionomics)

Namazov 2014 (distribution; Azerbaijan)

Robert et al. 2019 (distribution, western Palearctic)



syn. elutus Edwards

1921d: 273 (M, F, L, E*). Type locality: Kishon, Palestine [Israel] (NHMUK).






Bates, M., Beklemishev, W.N., & La Face, L. (1949). Anophelines of the Palearctic region. In M.F. Boyd (Ed.), Malariology: A comprehensive survey of all aspects of this group of diseases from a global standpoint, by 65 contributors (pp. 419–442). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.

Becker, N., Petrić, D., Zgomba, M., Boase, C., Madon, M., Dahl, C., & Kaiser, A. (2010). Mosquitoes and their control (2nd ed.). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Edwards, F.W. (1921d). A revision of the mosquitos [sic] of the Palaearctic Region. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 12(3), 263–351.

Favre, V.V. (1903). An attempt in the study of malaria in Russia. Kharkhov.

Glick, J.I. (1992). Illustrated key to the female Anopheles of southwestern Asia and Egypt (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosquito Systematics, 24(2), 125–153.

Hadjivassilis, A. (2000). Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of Cyprus. European Mosquito Bulletin, 7, 38.

Linton, Y.-M., Smith, L., Koliopoulos, G., Samanidou-Voyadjoglou, A., Zounos, A.K., & Harbach, R.E. (2003). Morphological and molecular characterization of Anopheles (Anopheles) maculipennis Meigen, type species of the genus and nominotypical member of the Maculipennis Complex. Systematic Entomology, 28(1), 39–55.

Linton, Y.-M., Smith, L., Koliopoulos, G., Zounos, A.K., Samanidou-Voyadjoglou, A., Patsoula, E., & Harbach, R.E. (2007). The Anopheles (Anopheles) maculipennis complex (Diptera: Culicidae) in Greece. Journal of Natural History, 41(41–44), 2683–2699.

Martini, E. (1929). 11. u. 12. Culicidae. In E. Lindner (Ed.), Die Fliegen der palaerktischen Region. Band III (pp. 1–144). Stuttgart, Germany: E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Erwin Nägele).

Namazov, N.D. (2014). The distribution of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Republic of Azerbaijan. Entomological Review, 92, 280–282.

Qu, F., & Zhu, H. (2008). On a checklist of the anopheline mosquitoes in China with rectification for some specific names. Chinese Journal of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, 26(3), 210–216.

Ramsdale, C.D., & Snow, K. (2000). Distribution of the genus Anopheles in Europe. European Mosquito Bulletin, 7, 1–26.

Robert, V., Günay, F., Le Goff, G., Boussès, P., Sulesco, T., Khalin, A., Medlock, J.M., Kampen, H., Petrić, D., & Schaffner, F. (2019). Distribution chart for Euro-Mediterranean mosquitoes (western Palaearctic region). Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association, 37, 1–28.

Ross, E.S., & Roberts, H.R. (1943b). Mosquito atlas. Part II. Eighteen old world anophelines important to malaria. Philadelphia: The American Entomological Society, the Academy of Natural Sciences.

Sedaghat, M.M., Linton, Y.-M., Nicolescu, G., Smith, L., Koliopoulous, G., Zounos, A., . . . Harbach, R.E. (2003a). Morphological and molecular characterization of Anopheles (Anopheles) sacharovi Favre, a primary vector of malaria in the Middle East. Systematic Entomology, 28, 241–256.

Sedaghat, M.M., Linton, Y.-M., Oshaghu, M.A., Vatandoost, H., & Harbach, R.E. (2003b). The Anopheles maculipennis complex in Iran: Molecular characterization and recognition of a new species. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 93(6), 527–535.

Sinka, M.E., Bangs, M.J., Manguin, S., Coetzee, M., Mbogo, C.M., Hemingway, J., . . . Hay, S.I. (2010a). The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in Africa, Europe and the Middle East: Occurrence, data, distribution maps and bionomic précis. Parasites and Vectors, 3(117), 1–34.

White, G.B. (1979). Identification of mosquitoes as vectors of malaria and filariasis. In A.E.R. Tayor and R. Muller (Eds.), Symposia of the British Society for Parasitology (Problems in the identification of parasites and their vectors), 17, 103–143.



Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles sacharovi species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website,, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].