Anopheles atropos Dyar & Knab, 1906




Etymology: n.s. [Atropos (Gr), a fate of Greek of mythology]

Type locality: Florida Keys, Florida, United States

Type depository: U. S. National Museum, Washington, D.C., United States (USNM)


Roth 1944

Carpenter & LaCasse 1955

Dodge 1966

Darsie & Ward 2005


Exemplar DNA sequences

All Anopheles atropos DNA sequences

Associated Pathogens



Cayman Islands, Cuba, Jamaica, Mexico, United States (continental).



Dyar & Knab 1906b: 160 (F)

Hinman 1932: 138 (L; bionomics)

Roth 1944: 104 (M*), 107 (M; keys)

Penn 1949a: 57 (P*)

Vargas 1950a: 74 (E)

Yamaguti & LaCasse 1950b: 14 (M*, F*, L*)

Carpenter & LaCasse 1955: 31 (M*, F*, L*; keys)

Stone & Knight 1956b: 276 (type information, lectotype designation)

Dodge 1966: 361 (first instar L*; key)

Belkin 1968b: 10 (synonymy)

Kreutzer, Narang, & Kitzmiller 1969 (chromosomes*)

Belkin 1968b: 9 (lectotype designation; from syn. with quinquefasciatus)

Belkin et al. 1970: 27 (M*, F, P*, L*)

Kreutzer & Kitzmiller 1971b (chromosomes*; as bradleyi, misidentification (B. Harrison, pers. comm.))

Floore et al. 1976: 37 (A, L, P; taxonomy)

Linley 1992: 40 (E*)

Darsie & Ward 2005 (F*, L*; keys, distribution)

Harrison et al. 2016 (F*, L*; keys, distribution)



syn. ferruginosus Wiedemann

1828: 12 (F). Type locality: New Orleans, Louisiana, United States (NMW). References: Coquillett 1906d: 7 (synonymy); Belkin 1968b: 9 (lectotype designation; from syn. with quinquefasciatus); Belkin et al. 1970: 27 (nomen oblatum, according to Art. 23(b) of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature).






Belkin, J.N. (1968b). Mosquito studies (Diptera, Culicidae). IX. The type specimens of New World mosquitoes in European museums. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, 3(4), 1–69.

Belkin, J.N., Heinemann, S.J., & Page, W.A. (1970). The Culicidae of Jamaica (Mosquito studies. XXI. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, 6(1), 458.

Carpenter, S.J., & LaCasse, W.J. (1955). Mosquitoes of North America (North of Mexico). Berkeley: University of California Press.

Coquillett, D.W. (1906d). A classification of the mosquitoes of North and Middle America Vol. 11). Washington, DC: Kessinger.

Darsie, R.F., Jr., & Ward, R.A. (2005). Identification and geographical distribution of the mosquitoes of North America, north of Mexico. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.

Dodge, H.R. (1966). Studies on mosquito larvae. II. The first-stage larvae of North American Culicidae and of world Anophelinae. The Canadian Entomologist, 98(4), 337–393.

Dyar, H.G., & Knab, F. (1906b). Notes on some American mosquitoes with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 19, 159–172.

Floore, T.G., Harrison, B.A., & Eldridge, B.F. (1976). The Anopheles (Anopheles) crucians subgroup in the United States (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosquito Systematics, 8(1), 1–109.

Harrison, B.A., Byrd, B.D., Sither, C.B., & Whitt, P.B. (2016). The Mosquitoes of the Mid-Atlantic Region: An Identification Guide. Western Carolina University Mosquito and Vector-Borne Infectious Disease Laboratory.

Hinman, E.H. (1932). A description of the larva of Anopheles atropos D. & K., with biological notes on the species. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 34(8), 138–142.

Kreutzer, R.D., Narang, S.L., & Kitzmiller, J.B. (1969). The salivary chromosomes of Anopheles atropos. Mosquito News, 29(2), 223–230.

Kreutzer, R.D., & Kitzmiller, J.B. (1971b). Hybridization between Anopheles crucians and Anopheles bradleyi. Evolution, 25(1), 195–206.

Linley, J.R. (1992). The eggs of Anopheles atropos and Anopheles darlingi (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosquito Systematics, 24(1), 40–50.

Penn, G.H. (1949a). Pupae of the Nearctic anopheline mosquitoes north of Mexico. Journal of the National Malaria Society, 8(1), 50–69.

Penn, G.H. (1949a). Pupae of the Nearctic anopheline mosquitoes north of Mexico. Journal of the National Malaria Society, 8(1), 50–69.

Roth, L.M. (1944). A key to the Anopheles of the southeastern United States, by male genitalia (Diptera, Culicidae). The American Midland Naturalist, 31, 96–110.

Stone, A., & Knight, K.L. (1956b). Type specimens of mosquitoes in the United States National Museum. III. The genera Anopheles and Chagasia (Diptera, Culicidae). Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 46(9), 276–280.

Vargas, L. (1950a). Nota sobre la distribución holártica del grupo maculipennis y del subgénero Coelodiazesis. Missirolimyie, nov. subg. de Anopheles. (Diptera: Culicidae). Rivista di malariologia, 11(2), 73–84.

Wiedemann, C.R.G. (1828). Aussereuropäische zweiflägelige insekten. (Vol. 1). Germany: Hamm.

Yamaguti, S., & LaCasse, W.J. (1950b). Mosquito fauna of North America. Part I. Genus Anopheles. Office of the Surgeon, Headquarters, 8th Army, US Army, United States.



Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (Year). Anopheles atropos species page. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit Website,, accessed on [date (e.g. 03 February 2020) when you last viewed the site].