Section I: Recognition and Identification of Phlebotomine Sand Flies

If a Phlebotomus female, what species might it be?

The Cibarium

The cibarium is difficult to use for species identification in Phlebotomus, but it may add additional evidence to the identification after using the spermatheca.

sand fly

Phlebotomus cibarium

(Illustration credit: S El-Hossary

sand fly

P. bergeroti cibarium

Photo credit: J Stoffer

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