SAND FLY TAXONOMY TUTORIAL

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Section I: Recognition and Identification of Phlebotomine Sand Flies

Is it a male of genus Sergentomyia or Phlebotomus?

Old World male sand flies can be fairly easily identified to genus based on the arrangement and number of spines on their style (stylepodite). Because the style and spines are all part of the males external morphology, males can be identified using a stereomicroscope (dissecting scope) with a minimum magnification of 100X.

stylepodite

Sand fly male genitalia: stylepodite, spines

(Illustration credit: S El-Hossary

sand fly

Phlebotomus longipes male genitalia

Photo credit: J Stoffer


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