SAND FLY TAXONOMY TUTORIAL

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Section I: Recognition and Identification of Phlebotomine Sand Flies

Is It a Male of Lutzomyia or Warileya?

New World male sand flies can be fairly easily identified to genus based on proportions of the length of the coxite to the length of the style, as well as on the arrangement and number of spines on their style (stylepodite). Because the style and spines are all part of the males external morphology, males can be identified using a stereomicroscope (dissecting scope) with a minimum magnification of 100X.

sand fly

Lutzomyia cruzi male genitalia: stylepodite, spines

Photo credit: J Stoffer

sand fly

Warileya rotundipennis male genitalia: stylepodite, spines

Photo credit: J Stoffer


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