SAND FLY TAXONOMY TUTORIAL

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Section I: Recognition and Identification of Phlebotomine Sand Flies

Using the Cibarium and Pigment Patch for ID

Occasionally you will come across a specimen without wings or with a wing that looks like it could be either Phlebotomus or Sergentomyia. One option to identify to genus is to slide mount just the head and examine the cibarium, an internal structure that lies between the pharynx and the proboscis.

(The rest of the body may be used for DNA extraction.)

cibarium

Sand fly cibarium

(Illustration credit: S El-Hossary

cibarium

Phlebotomus bergeroti pharynx, cibarium

Photo credit: J Stoffer


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