Section I: Recognition and Identification of Phlebotomine Sand Flies

Under the 'scope: Is it a male or female?

If the posterior end of the abdomen looks blunt like this, then it is a female. Females do not have external appendages on the tip of the abdomen.

Sand fly female genitalia

Illustration credit: S El-Hossary

Sand fly female genitalia

Lutzomyia saulensis female genitalia

Photo credit: J Stoffer

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