Section I: Recognition and Identification of Phlebotomine Sand Flies
Under the 'scope: Is it a male or female?
Identifying female sand flies is even more difficult. Early 20th century sand fly taxonomists believed it was impossible to identify female sand flies at all. These early sand fly biologists used the number and distribution of veins in the wings as well as the overall size and shape of the wing to roughly and inaccurately distinguish different species. This was known as "phlebotometry."
Lutzomyia carrerai carrerai