Section I: Recognition and Identification of Phlebotomine Sand Flies

Under the 'scope: Is it a male or female?

Identifying female sand flies is even more difficult. Early 20th century sand fly taxonomists believed it was impossible to identify female sand flies at all. These early sand fly biologists used the number and distribution of veins in the wings as well as the overall size and shape of the wing to roughly and inaccurately distinguish different species. This was known as "phlebotometry."

sand fly

Lutzomyia wing

(Illus credit: Quate and Vockeroth 1981

sand fly

Lutzomyia carrerai carrerai

Photo credit: J Stoffer

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