SAND FLY TAXONOMY TUTORIAL

« BACK NEXT »
Section I: Recognition and Identification of Phlebotomine Sand Flies

Under the 'scope: Is it a male or female?

Identifying female sand flies is even more difficult. Early 20th century sand fly taxonomists believed it was impossible to identify female sand flies at all. These early sand fly biologists used the number and distribution of veins in the wings as well as the overall size and shape of the wing to roughly and inaccurately distinguish different species. This was known as "phlebotometry."

sand fly

Lutzomyia wing

(Illus credit: Quate and Vockeroth 1981

sand fly

Lutzomyia carrerai carrerai

Photo credit: J Stoffer


The Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit | Museum Support Center, MRC-534 | Smithsonian Institution | 4210 Silver Hill Rd. | Suitland, MD 20746-2863 USA | Ph: 301-238-1077; FAX: 301-238-3168
Entomology Branch | Walter Reed Army Institute of Research | 503 Robert Grant Avenue | Silver Spring, MD 20910-7500 USA

WRAIR logo  Smithsonian Institution logo © Smithsonian Institution  | Privacy | Terms of use | Contact WRBU