Section I: Recognition and Identification of Phlebotomine Sand Flies
Let's face it. They're tiny and difficult.
Observe the specimen's abdomen without the use of a microscope. If the posterior end looks blunt like this, then it is a female.
Sand fly female
(Illus credit: Lane & Crosskey 1993
Phlebotomus duboscqi female terminalia
Photo credit: WRAIR)
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