Section I: Recognition and Identification of Phlebotomine Sand Flies

Is it a sand fly?

The term "sand fly" is often misused to refer to biting midges (family Ceratopogonidae), which are often confused with true sand flies (family Psychodidae, subfamily Phlebotominae).

The biting midges (left) are about one-fourth the size and have more stout bodies.

biting midge habitus

Culicoides sonorensis

Photo credit: S Bauer, USDA

Phlebotomus papatasi

Phlebotomus papatasi

Photo credit: WRAIR

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