Section I: Recognition and Identification of Phlebotomine Sand Flies
Is it a sand fly?
The term "sand fly" is often misused to refer to biting midges (family Ceratopogonidae), which are often confused with true sand flies (family Psychodidae, subfamily Phlebotominae).
- The biting midges (left) are about one-fourth the size and have more stout bodies.
- Biting midges have dense pigmented hairs in patches on their wings, giving the wings a spotted appearance.
- Unlike true sand flies, the large compound eyes of biting midges are contiguous (no eye-bridge present) or nearly contiguous with only a thin eye bridge.