Phlebotomus (Syb.) martini


  • Parrot
  • 1936a:35 [male, female]
  • Ethiopia: Dire Dawa, iv-vi.1935; Syntype series (IP Algiers)



Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda




Type habitat: desert vegetation.

Medical Importance

A vector of L. donovani in Kenya (Adler, 1964; Bray, 1972;Killick-Kendrick, 1990; Southgate, 1977) and perhaps in Ethiopia (south-west) (Fuller et al., 1979). P. martinis reported to be the only one of three closely related species found in all areas of Kenya endemic for visceral leishmaniasis (Killick-Kendrick, 1990: 80); also see P. celiae (The females of P. celiae, P. martini and P. vansomerenae are morphologically indistinguishable and, therefore, their vectorial roles are not fully known (Killick-Kendrick, 1990; Lewis, 1982).) [Seccombe & Ready, 1993: 16]

Psychodidae » Phlebotominae » Phlebotomus » Synphlebotomus

Additional References

  • Seccombe & Ready 1993

Adult Stage, detail photos:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.

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