Lutzomyia

Name-bearing Type

  • Franca
  • 1924: 10; Young & Duncan 1994 (classification)
  • Type Species: Phlebotomus longipalpis Lutz & Neiva

Distribution

SpeciesMap  SpeciesMap

North, Central and South America

Synonyms

None

Bionomics

Adults are collected using a variety of methods including light traps, shannon traps, or with aspirators from resting spots. Examples of habitats "include leaf litter, rock crevices, caves animal burrows, nests, dark places in man-made structures, tree trunks and tree hollows" [Young & Duncan 1994: 4].

Medical Importance

This genus has species that are "notorius vectors of human diseases caused by Leishmannia protozoa, Bartonella bacteria, and numerous arboviruses" [Young & Duncan 1994: 1].

Genus-specific Diagnostic Characters, Adult Stage, male:

Click on image to open enlarged view in separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.

Lutzomyia species wing

Lutzomyia species wing distinctly pointed

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Lutzomyia species wing

Lutzomyia species vein R2+R3+R4 located well beyond crossvein r-m

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.


Lutzomyia species style

Lutzomyia species style shorter than coxite

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Lutzomyia species interocular suture

Lutzomyia species interocular suture incomplete

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.


Lutzomyia species style

Lutzomyia species style with 1-6 large spines (if five spines present then all separate and not artising from a common tubercle)

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.


Genus-specific Diagnostic Characters, Adult Stage, female:

Lutzomyia species wing

Lutzomyia species wing distinctly pointed

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Lutzomyia species wing

Lutzomyia species vein R2+R3+R4 located well beyond crossvein r-m

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.


Lutzomyia species mouthparts

Lutzomyia species style mouthparts more than half head height

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Lutzomyia species interocular suture

Lutzomyia species interocular suture incomplete

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.


Lutzomyia species cibarium

Lutzomyia species cibarium with one row of posterior teeth, anterior teeth often present

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.


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