Anopheles (Cel.) funestus


  • Giles
  • 1900b:50 (M, F*).
  • Freetown, [Sierra Leone] (BM)



Angola, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Dem. Rep. Congo, Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe


  • None


In most parts of its range, funestus breeds characteristically in bodies of clear water that are either large and more or less permanent, e.g. swamps (near edges if deep), weedy sides of streams, rivers, furrows or ditches, protected portions of lake shore, ponds, etc., especially when weedy, or water such as seepages, which are fed from underground permanent sources (Evans 1938).
A. funestus is one of the most anthropophilic mosquitoes known… The great bulk of feeding takes place inside houses after 2200h up to dawn (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).

Medical Importance

A. funestus is a vector of malaria and bancroftian filariasis (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).

Culicidae » Anophelinae » Anopheles » Cellia
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Additional References

  • deMeillon 1947b:114 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*).
  • Service 1960a:77 (M*, F*, E*; tax.).
  • Gillies and deMeillon 1968:131 (distr.).
  • deMeillon et al.1977:657 (tax.).

Adult Stage, detail images:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.

Adult Stage, illustrations:

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