Anopheles (Nys.) albimanus
- 1820. Diptera exotica. Ed 1. Pt.I. pg 10. Kiliae
Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, United States, contiguous lower 48, Uruguay, Venezuela, Virgin Islands
Species-specific Diagnostic Characters, Adult Stage:
- Maxillary palpus of female almost as long as either the antenna or proboscis
- Postspiracular setae absent
- Prespiracular setae present
- Scales on the dorsal surface of the radial sector and media narrow.
The larvae are found in a wide variety of permanent water habitats. They are salt tolerant. Habitats are usually in full sunlight or partial shade containing abundant floating, emergent vegetation and floating scum and algae. Habitats frequently have muddy bottoms and turbid or polluted water.
In 17 of 20 Caribbean region countries, An. albimanus is the principal malaria vector.
Culicidae » Anophelinae » Anopheles » Nyssorhynchus
- Rozeboom 1938:99 (E*).
- Rozeboom and Gabaldon 1941:95 (tax.).
- Ross and Roberts 1943a:35 (M*, F*, L*).
- Vargas 1948:153 (M*).
- Penn 1949a:68 (P*).
- Belkin 1952:122 (L*).
- Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:55 (M*, F*, L*).
- Belkin, Heinemann and Page 1970:24 (M*, F*, P*, L*).
- Bejarano 2003: 517 (distr., Colombia).
Adult Stage, detail images:
Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.