Mansonia (Mnd.) uniformis


  • (Theobald)
  • 1901a:180 (F*, Panoplites)
  • Quilon, Travancore, India (BM)


SpeciesMap  SpeciesMap  SpeciesMap

Angola, Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, China, Comoros, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kenya, Korea, South, Liberia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso, Juan De Nova Is. and Mayotte), Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, New Guinea (Island) - Papua New Guinea, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda


  • reversus Theobald
    • 1901a:189 (F; Panoplites africanus var.)
    • Type-loc: Zomba, Nyasaland (BM)
  • australiensis Giles
    • 1902:355 (F; Panoplites)
    • Type-loc: Burpengary, Queensland, Australia (BM)
  • marquesensis Dyar
    • 1925e:43 (M*)
    • Type-loc: Lorenco Marques, Mozambique (USNM)


Larvae are found in open swamp unshaded by trees. Larvae use specially modified siphons to pierce stems and roots of aquatic vegetation to obtain air. Females are crepuscular and prefer cattle, but will readily feed on man (Wharton 1962).

Medical Importance

Vector of W. malayi (Wharton 1962).

Culicidae » Culicinae » Mansoniini » Mansonia » Mansonioides
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Additional References

  • Knight and Chamberlain 1948:16 (P*).
  • Carter 1950:14 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*; biol.).
  • Hara 1957:50 (F*).
  • Laurence 1960:491 (biol.).
  • Dobrotworsky 1965:66 (M*, F*, L*).
  • Lee et al. 1971:23 (distr.).
    Da Cunha Ramos and Ribeiro 1975:125 (distr.).
  • Brunhes 1977a:134 (distr.).
  • Ahmed 1987:187 (distr.).
  • Lee et al. 1988b:157 (distr.).
  • Darsie and Pradhan 1990:71 (distr.).
  • Kohn 1990:165 (distr.).
    Suleman, Khan and Khan 1993:321 (distr.).

Adult Stage, detail images:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.

Adult Stage, illustrations:

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