Anopheles (Ano.) sinensis

Author

  • Wiedemann
  • 1828:547 (M, F)
  • [Canton], China (ZMC)

Distribution

SpeciesMap

Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, South, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

Synonyms

  • None

Bionomics

Larvae are found in shallow habitats, fresh water usually with emergent vegetation and exposed to direct sunlight. They are characteristic of open agricultural lands (chiefly rice fields). They have also been collected in ground pools, pools beside a river, marshes, stream margins, ditches, seepages, shallow ponds, and sumps. In mountainous areas they are confined to the valleys. Females are zoophilic but rarely bite humans. Females are exophilic and are rarely taken in indoor resting collections (Harrison and Scanlon 1975). An. sinensis is the most frequently collected species in August, September and October in Korea. Larvae are usually found in rice paddies, irrigation and drainage ditches, ground depressions, ground pools, stream margins and inlets, swamps and uncultivated fields. Larvae are sometimes collected in artificial containers (Rueda et al. 2011).

Medical Importance

Adults of An. sinensis have been incriminated as the natural and/or experimental malaria (Plasmodium vivax) vector in South Korea, Japan, China and Indonesia (Rueda et al. 2006). Foley et al. (2011) found a P. vivax sporozoite rate of 5.2% from infected mosquitoes collected by black light trap near cow shed in Baengnyeong-do, Incheon, South Korea.

LARVA  PUPA

Adult Stage, detail images:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.





Adult Stage, illustrations:


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