Anopheles (Ano.) sinensis
- 1828:547 (M, F)
- [Canton], China (ZMC)
Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, South, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam
Larvae are found in shallow habitats, fresh water usually with emergent vegetation and exposed to direct sunlight. They are characteristic of open agricultural lands (chiefly rice fields). They have also been collected in ground pools, pools beside a river, marshes, stream margins, ditches, seepages, shallow ponds, and sumps. In mountainous areas they are confined to the valleys. Females are zoophilic but rarely bite humans. Females are exophilic and are rarely taken in indoor resting collections (Harrison and Scanlon 1975). An. sinensis is the most frequently collected species in August, September and October in Korea. Larvae are usually found in rice paddies, irrigation and drainage ditches, ground depressions, ground pools, stream margins and inlets, swamps and uncultivated fields. Larvae are sometimes collected in artificial containers (Rueda et al. 2011).
Adults of An. sinensis have been incriminated as the natural and/or experimental malaria (Plasmodium vivax) vector in South Korea, Japan, China and Indonesia (Rueda et al. 2006). Foley et al. (2011) found a P. vivax sporozoite rate of 5.2% from infected mosquitoes collected by black light trap near cow shed in Baengnyeong-do, Incheon, South Korea.
Culicidae » Anophelinae » Anopheles » Anopheles
- Reid 1953:10 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*), 51 (tax.).
- Hara 1957:47 (F*).
- Ohmori 1957:209 (M*, E*).
- Ohmori 1959:221 (P*).
- Lee, Self, Hong and Lee 1973:383 (distr.)
- Harrison 1973b:7 (lectotype desig; distr.).
- Harrison and Scanlon 1975:45 (M*, F*, P*, L*, distr.).
- Kanda and Oguma 1976:325 (A*; tax.).
- Otsuru, Nagashima, Nakamura and Kishimoto 1976: 301 (E).
- Kanda and Oguma 1977:115 (hybridization with sineroides).
- Darsie and Pradhan 1990:71 (distr.).
- Linley, Yap and Damar 1995:44 (E*).
- Gornostaeva 2000b 34(5): 477 (distr., Russia).
- Oo, Storch and Becker 2004: 24 (distr., Myanmar)
- Rueda et al. 2006 31:198-205
- Rueda et al. 2007 (distr., China)
- Rueda et al. 2009 (egg morphology)
- Rueda et al. 2010 (larval habitats, seasonal abundance)
- Kim et al. 2011 (distr., larval habitats, South Korea)
Adult Stage, detail images:
Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.