Anopheles (Cel.) nili


  • (Theobald)
  • 1904b:66 (F*; Myzomyia)
  • Jebel Akmet-Aga on the White Nile, Sudan (BM)



Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe


  • nigra Christophers
    • 1924a:45 (A; funesta var.)
    • Type-loc: Mid Sobal, Sudan (BM)
  • unicolor Grunberg
    • 1905:379 (F*; Myzomyia)
    • Type-loc: Kete Kratje, Togo [Ghana] (ZM)


Principally a stream breeder, larvae being found in vegetation or in dense shade along the edges of streams and large rivers. Symes (1931a) found that out of 163 collections of larvae of this species in Kenya, 139 were taken from streams. Variable in behaviour in both feeding and resting habits. In Liberia (Barber et al. 1932), Sierra Leone (Gordon et al. 1932) Upper Volta (Hamon et al. 1959, Dahomey et al. 1956), Nigeria (Service 1963a), Cameroun (Hamon and Mouchet 1961), Chad (Lacan 1958), and in parts of the Sudan (Lewis 1956a), it is an anthropophilic species biting man readily indoors and outdoors and frequently resting indoors by day. It has also been recorded as quite common in houses in the West Nile district of Uganda (Kafuko et al. 1962). (Gilies and deMeillon 1968:85)

Medical Importance

An important vector in many parts of West Africa. Wherever man-biting occurs infected specimens are found. (Gilies and deMeillon 1968:85)

Culicidae » Anophelinae » Anopheles » Cellia
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Additional References

  • Evans 1938:137 (M, F*, P*, L*, E*)
  • Hamon 1954a:583 (L*)
  • Peters 1956:531 (tax.).
  • Lewis 1956a:477 (L).
  • Gillies and de Meillon 1968:83 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*).
  • Ribeiro and Da Cunha Ramos 1975:16 (distr.).

Adult Stage, detail images:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.

Adult Stage, illustrations:

The Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit | Museum Support Center, MRC-534 | Smithsonian Institution | 4210 Silver Hill Rd. | Suitland, MD 20746-2863 USA | Ph: 301-238-1077; FAX: 301-238-3168
Entomology Branch | Walter Reed Army Institute of Research | 503 Robert Grant Avenue | Silver Spring, MD 20910-7500 USA

WRAIR logo  Smithsonian Institution logo © Smithsonian Institution  | Privacy | Terms of use | Contact WRBU