Anopheles (Cel.) gambiae complex


  • 1905:625 (M*, F*, L, E*).
  • Aden Hinterland [West Aden Protectorate] (LU).


SpeciesMap  SpeciesMap

Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Dem. Rep. Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Sao Tome, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe


  • davidsoni Ribiero, DaCunha Ramos, Pires and Capela
    • 1979:75 (M*, F*, P*, L*). ,
    • Type-loc: Ribiera do Mangue, Santiago Island, Cape Verde Republic (IHMT).
    • Cambournac, Petrarca and Coluzzi 1982:266 (syn.).


These species occur in a great variety of types of water; the most striking are the shallow, open sun-lit pools. Females readily enter houses and bite man both indoors and outdoors starting at sunset and peaking just at dawn (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).

Medical Importance

Primary malaria vector (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).

Culicidae » Anophelinae » Anopheles » Cellia
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Additional References

  • Theobald 1903c:2 (as gambiensis, lapsus)
  • Evans 1938:299 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*; biol.)
  • de Meillon 1947b:190 (M*, F*, L*, E*; biol.).
  • Horsfall 1955:223 (review).
  • Coluzzi 1964:197 (tax.).
  • Chauvet and Dejardin 1968:69 (L).
  • Gillies and de Meillon 1968:208 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*; biol.).
  • Chauvet, Davidson and Dejardin 1969:51 (tax.; gambiae complex).
  • Zahar, Hills and Davidson 1970:31 (tax.).
    Service 1970b:131 (tax.).
  • Green 1971:421 (tax.)
  • White and Muniss 1972:793 (tax.).
  • Davidson and Hunt 1973:121 (gambiae complex).
  • Reid 1973:87 (tax.).
  • White 1973:249 (cytogenetics; systematics; sp. D)
  • White 1975:313 (tax.).
  • Reid 1975a:1 (tax.).
  • Reid 1975b:299 (pupal diff. of spp. A and B).
  • Mahon, Green and Hunt 1976:25 (diagnostic allozymes, gambiae complex)
  • Gatti, Santini, Pimpinelli and Coluzzi 1977:105 (fluorescence banding ident. techniques, gambiae complex)
  • Mattingly 1977:323 (gambiae complex).

Adult Stage, detail images:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.

Adult Stage, illustrations:

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