Anopheles (Ker.) cruzii


  • Dyar and Knab
  • 1908:53 (nom. nov. for lutzii Theobald 1901a, non Cruz 1901)
  • Type locality [not yet available]



Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela


  • lutzii Theobald
    • 1901a:177 (F*)
    • Type-loc: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil(BM)
  • adolphoi Neiva
    • 1908b:457 (nom. nov. for lutzii Theobald 1901, non Cruz 1901; Myzorhynchella)
    • Type-loc: Caraguatatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil (FH)
  • montemor Correa
    • 1950a:53 (M*)
    • Type-loc: Caraguatatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil (FH)


The immatures are found in the leaf axils of bromeliads. Females readily bite humans, especially during the evening and night. In southeastern Brazil it occurs in a variety of habitats from the coast into the mountains. (Zavortink 1973:25)

Medical Importance

In southeastern Brazil cruzii is a primary vector of human malaria and it is a natural vector of monkey malaria in the region. (Zavortink 1973:25)

Culicidae » Anophelinae » Anopheles » Kerteszia
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Additional References


Adult Stage, detail images:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.

Adult Stage, illustrations:

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