Anopheles (Nys.) aquasalis


  • Curry
  • 1932:566 (M*, L; tarsimaculatus var.)
  • Panama Canal Zone (LU)



Antigua and Barbuda, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guyana, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela


  • emilianus Komp
    • 1941:794 (M*, F, L, E*)
    • Type-loc: Belem, Para, Brazil (USNM)
  • guarujaensis Ramos
    • 1942:61 (M*, L*, E*; oswaldoi var.)
    • Type-loc: Ilha de Guaruja, Sao Paulo, Brazil (LU)
  • guarauno Anduze
    • 1948:18 (A; as var.)
    • Type-loc: Pedernales, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela (NE)
  • delta Anduze
    • 1948:18 (A; as var.)
    • Type-loc: Pedernales, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela (NE)
  • deltaorinoquensis Cova Garcia, Pulido and Amarista
    • 1977:150 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*)
    • Type-loc: Sucre and Monagas states, Delta Amacuro Federal Territory, Venezuela (DERM)


An. aquasalis is the only species primarily restricted to the coast. This species preferentially occurs in brackish water such as in mangrove swamps and coastal ground pools. However, aquasalis is capable of living in fresh water and often is collected several kilometers from the coast. (Faran and Linthicum 1981:8)

Medical Importance

An. aquasalis is a primary vector of malaria in the Lesser Antilles, and in Trinidad and Tobago. Along the coast of Brazil, the Guianas and possibly Venezuela, it is always a potential vector but usually only important when it occurs in large numbers. An. aquasalis feeds readily on man and is commonly collected in houses. In the past it has been an important vector of malaria in coastal Brazil. (Faran and Linthicum 1981:9)


Adult Stage, detail images:

Click on image to open larger view in a separate window. Higher-resolution detail images of some specimens are available on request.

Adult Stage, illustrations:

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