Wyeomyia

Name-bearing Type

  • Theobald
  • 1901b:235
  • Type Species: Wyeomyia grayii

Distribution

SpeciesMap

Wyeomyia predominantly a Neotropical genus whose range extends across the Caribbean into Florida. One species of Wyeomyia occurs in eastern North America.

Phylogeny

Not yet available.

Bionomics

Wyeomyia are principally forest mosquitoes. The larvae inhabit small collections of water in bromeliads and aroids, flower bracts, broken bamboo and bamboo stumps, tree holes, pitcher plants, and occasionally artificial and other containers. Adults are active during the day. They are usually found in damp forests near larval habitats. Various species are found at all elevations in forest canopy, but some seem to be restricted to ground level. Most of the species take blood meals and females readily feed on humans that enter their realm.

Medical Importance

Wyeomyia are not known to vector disease agents and have little if any economic importance to humans; however, Ilheus and Venezuelan encephalitis viruses have been isolated from Wy. medioalbipes in Trinidad.

Culicidae » Culicinae » Sabethini
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Representative species shown here: Wyeomyia arthrostigma

Important References

  • Lane, 1953 (Neotropical Region)
  • Correa & Mamalho, 1956 (subgenus Phoniomyia)
  • Forattini, 1965b
  • Cova-García et al., 1966 (Venezuela)
  • Belkin et al., 1970 (taxonomy, Jamaica)
  • Clark-Gil & Darsie, 1983 (Guatemala)
  • Darsie, 1985 (keys, Argentina)
  • Zavortink, 1985 (subgenus Zinzala)
  • Harbach & Peyton, 1990, 1992 (subgenera Caenomyiella and Exallomyia, respectively)
  • Motta & Lourenço-de-Oliveira, 1995 (subgenus Dendromyia)
  • Motta & Lourenço-de-Oliveira, 2005 (keys, subgenus Spilonympha)
  • Motta et al., 2007 (classification, phylogeny)

Included Taxa

For more on taxa, see WRBU's Mosquito Catalog

  • Subgenus ANTUNESMYIA Lane & Cerqueira, 1942
  • Subgenus CAENOMYIELLA Harbach & Peyton, 1990
  • Subgenus CRUZMYIA Lane & Cerqueira, 1942
  • Subgenus DECAMYIA Dyar, 1919
  • Subgenus DENDROMYIA Theobald, 1903
  • Subgenus DODECAMYIA Dyar, 1918
  • Subgenus EXALLOMYIA Harbach & Peyton, 1992
  • Subgenus HYSTATOMYIA Dyar, 1919
  • Subgenus MENOLEPIS Lutz, 1905
  • Subgenus MIAMYIA Dyar, 1919
  • Subgenus NUNEZIA Dyar, 1928
  • Subgenus PHONIOMYIA Theobald, 1903
  • Subgenus PROSOPOLEPIS Lutz, 1905
  • Subgenus SPILONYMPHA Motta & Lourenço-de-Oliveira, 2005
  • Subgenus TRIAMYIA Dyar, 1919
  • Subgenus WYEOMYIA Theobald, 1901
  • Subgenus ZINZALA Zavortink, 1986
  • Subgenus uncertain
  • Nomen dubium
Genus-specific Diagnostic Characters, Adult Stage
Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Clypeus (Clp) without setae

Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Head without erect scales


Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

All tarsi dark

Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Prespiracular setae (PsS) present


Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Prealar setae (PaS) present

Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Scutal (Scu) scales dull, bronzy or with a slight metallic luster


Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Upper calypter (UC) with 1-3 setae or hairlike scales


Genus-specific Diagnostic Characters, Larval Stage
Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Maxillary palpus (MPlp) freely articulated, attached to maxillary body (MxBo)

Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Maxillary brush (MxB) unmodified, rarely absent


Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Setae 1-C not very close together

Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Seta 8-M present


Whole Larvae

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