Culex

Name-bearing Type

  • Linnaeus
  • 1758:602 [pdf not available]
  • Type Species: Culex pipiens

Distribution

SpeciesMap

Culex occur in all zoogeographical regions, with worldwide distribution, known from all faunal regions. Species range from the tropics to cool temperate regions, but do not extend to the extreme northern latitudes.

Phylogeny

Not yet available.

Bionomics

Not yet available.

Medical Importance

Not yet available.

Culicidae » Culicinae » Culicini
habitus image

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Representative species shown here: Culex pipiens

Important References

  • Barraud, 1934 (southern Asia)
  • Edwards, 1941 (adults, Afrotropical Region)
  • Hopkins, 1952 (larvae, Afrotropical Region)
  • Lane, 1953 (Neotropical Region)
  • Mattingly & Knight, 1956 (Arabia)
  • Belkin, 1962 (taxonomy, South Pacific)
  • DuBose & Curtin, 1965 (keys, Mediterranean area)
  • Forattini, 1965a (Neotropical Region)
  • Cova-García et al., 1966 (Venezuela)
  • Delfinado, 1966 (Philippines)
  • Bram, 1967a (Thailand)
  • Bram, 1967b (subgenus Culex, New World)
  • Belkin, 1968 (New Zealand)
  • Sirivanakarn, 1968 (subgenus Lophoceraomyia)
  • Belkin et al., 1970 (Jamaica)
  • Sirivanakarn, 1971, 1972, 1976, 1977 (various subgenera, Oriental Region)
  • Valencia, 1973 (subgenus Carrollia)
  • Gutsevich et al., 1974 (former USSR)
  • Tanaka et al., 1979 (Japan)
  • Wood et al., 1979 (Canada)
  • Berlin & Belkin, 1980 (subgenera, Neotropical Region)
  • Ribeiro & da Cunha Ramos 1980 (Angola)
  • Darsie & Ward, 1981 (keys, North America)
  • Lu & Li, 1982 (China)
  • Clark-Gil & Darsie, 1983 (keys, Guatemala)
  • Sirivanakarn, 1983 (subgenus Melanoconion)
  • Darsie, 1985 (keys, Argentina)
  • Lu & Su, 1987 (China)
  • Lee et al., 1988b, 1989a,b (Australasian Region)
  • Harbach, 1988 (subgenus Culex, southwestern Asia and Egypt)
  • Darsie & Pradhan, 1990 (Nepal)
  • Harbach & Peyton, 1992 (subgenus Phenacomyia)
  • Pecor et al., 1992 (subgenus Melanoconion)
  • Rattanarithikul & Panthusiri, 1994 (keys, medically important species, Thailand)
  • Reuben et al., 1994 (keys, Japanese encephalitis vectors, Southeast Asia)
  • Sallum & Forattini, 1996 (Spissipes Section, subgenus Melanoconion)
  • Lu Baolin et al., 1997a (China)
  • González Broche & Rodríguez R., 2001 (subgenus Nicaromyia)
  • Tanaka, 2004 (subgenera, Oculeomyia and Sirivanakarnius)
  • Rattanarithikul et al., 2005 (keys, Thailand)
  • Rossi & Harbach, 2008 (subgenus Phytotelmatomyia)

Included Taxa

For more on taxa, see WRBU's Mosquito Catalog

Genus-specific Diagnostic Characters, Adult Stage
Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Well-developed pulvilli (Pv) present

Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Prespiracular setae (PsS) absent


Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Postspiracular setae (PS) absent

Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: Not yet available.

Alula with narrow fringe of scales


Genus-specific Diagnostic Characters, Larval Stage
Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Seta 2-C usually absent

Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Seta 3-C located dorsally


Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Seta 12-I always present

Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Saddle (Sa) usually complete, sometimes incomplete and greatly reduced but never divided into dorsal and ventral sclerites


Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Pecten (Pt) and comb (C) present

Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: J. Stoffer, WRBU.

Siphon with three or more pairs of prominent setae (seta 1-S)


Mosquito generic character

Photo credit: Not yet available.

Subventral setae of siphon arrising near base, but no separate pair arising near base


Whole Larvae

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