WHAT'S NEW

How is WRBU Contributing to the Fight Against Zika?

Watch a video showcasing how WRBU is helping fight Zika: YouTube icon


WRBU is Helping Monitor Zika Virus Risk

WRBU has been monitoring the potential risk of Zika virus on U.S. military bases using a novel tool that analyzes vector habitat suitability, Zika virus transmission potential and weekly temperature readings and provides users with graphical and textualized interpretations of data. This tool was designed to answer two questions: "is Zika transmission likely here?" and "when should we conduct vector surveillance?".

PLOS Current Outbreaks Article: Foley D, Pecor D. A location-specific spreadsheet for estimating Zika risk and timing for Zika vector surveillance, using U.S. Military Facilities as an Example. 2016 (In press).


Vector Hazard Reports

Vector Hazard Reports are briefings produced to address specific topics related to vectors and vector-borne diseases. Below are reports generated in response to the ongoing Zika virus outbreak.

  • VHR: Latest Near-Real Time and Forecast Analyses Zika Virus Risk to U.S. military installations
  • VHR: A Pictorial Guide to Zika Virus Vectors of the U.S.
  • VHR: Zika Virus Risk in Puerto Rico
  • VHR: Notes on the Biology of Zika Virus Vectors

Enhancing Reporting of Entomological Surveillance Activities

The Entomological Surveillance Working Group (ESWG) is a collaborative effort lead by WRBU that combines the efforts of entomologists conducting vector surveillance around the globe. Our goal is to maintain a network of experts that support the free exchange of ideas to provide guidance on how to enhance all aspects of entomological surveillance. In 2016, this group produced the 'Best Practices Guide for Entomological Surveillance: Data Management and Reporting.' And companion 'Standard Data Entry Form.'

Read about why it is important to maintain and manage entomological surveillance data: Army Medical Entomology Journal (AMEN): Early Lessons from the Zika Virus Outbreak: Why We Need a 'Museum' for Data. Pecor, D. The emergence of Zika virus throughout the Americas on the heels of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa has created high demand for swift action to assess the risk of Zika virus exposure to U.S. military personnel and their families living and working on DoD installations. However, developing accurate assessments of risk requires accurately defining the distribution of the primary mosquito vector, Aedes aegypti, and suspected vectors like Aedes albopictus. Read more…


Tools to Help Fight Zika

VectorMap: The World’s Largest Repository of Vector Collection Data

The VectorMap data portal now hosts the world’s largest database of curated, georeferenced Zika virus vector (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus) collection data. All data is made freely available to the public and the data portal allows you to explore other map layers like habitat suitability of vectors, disease risk maps, host demographics and climate data related to vector ecology.


Identification of Zika Virus Vectors

Identification keys are provided for female adults and fourth stage larvae of the mosquito species likely to transmit dengue viruses in 4 regions of the world and can be applied to the primary vector of Zika and Chikungunya viruses, Aedes aegypti.

Pictorial keys for the identification of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) associated with Dengue Virus Transmission. Rueda, Leopoldo. 2004. Zootaxa 589(589)


The Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit | Museum Support Center, MRC-534 | Smithsonian Institution | 4210 Silver Hill Rd. | Suitland, MD 20746-2863 USA | Ph: 301-238-1077; FAX: 301-238-3168
Entomology Branch | Walter Reed Army Institute of Research | 503 Robert Grant Avenue | Silver Spring, MD 20910-7500 USA

WRAIR logo  Smithsonian Institution logo © Smithsonian Institution  | Privacy | Terms of use | Contact WRBU