Author

  • (Wiedemann)
  • 1821:43 (A; as Culex)
  • Type-loc: Mexico (NMW)

Distribution

SpeciesMap
SpeciesMap

Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, contiguous lower 48, Venezuela, Virgin Islands

Synonyms

  • damnosus Say
    • 1823:11 (A; Culex)
    • Type-loc: Pennsylvania, United States (NE)
  • niger Giles
    • 1904b:384 (F; Taeniorhynchus)
    • Type-loc: Antigua Island, [Lesser Antilles] (BM).
  • portoricensis Ludlow
    • 1905c:386 (F; Culex)
    • Type-loc: San Juan, Puerto Rico (USNM).
  • epinolus Dyar and Knab
    • 1914:61 (F)
    • Type-loc: Ventanillas, Peru (USNM)
  • pix Martini
    • 1935:55 (F)
    • Type-loc: Belize, British Honduras (USNM)

Bionomics

  • The larvae of Aedes taeniorhynchus develop mostly in salt marshes in coastal areas and occasionally in near-by freshwater pools. They have been found also in inland brackish-water swamps, particularly in oil fields, in areas far removed from the coast. The species reaches its greatest abundance along the coastal Caribbean region. The females are persistent biters and will attack anytime during the day or night. The adults rest in the vegetation during the daytime and will attack anyone invading their haunts, even in bright sunlight. They are strong fliers and often migrate in large numbers to communities where they become serious pests, even many miles from the salt-water marshes. (Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:229)

Medical Importance

  • Ae. taeniorhynchus considered a vector of eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) (Turell et al. 2005:60).

Additional References

Culicidae » Culicinae » Culicini » Culex » Melanoconion

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