Author

  • (Skuse)
  • 1894(1895):20 (F*; Culex)
  • Calcutta, [West Bengal], India (USNM)

Distribution

SpeciesMap

Albania, Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Bermuda, Borneo (island), Borneo, Brunei, Brazil, British Indian Ocean Territory, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Islands, China, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Islands (Polynesia), Croatia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, France, French Polynesia, Gabon, Greece, Guam, Guatemala, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Israel (and Gaza Strip & West Bank), Italy, Japan, Korea, South, Laos, Lebanon, Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De Nova Is.), Malaysia, Maldives, Mariana Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Netherlands, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua Island, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Polynesian Islands (Howland, Jarvis, Johnston Atol, Pitcairn, Wallis & Futuna), Reunion, Samoa (Ind. State of Samoa, American Samoa, Western Samoa), Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, United States, contiguous lower 48, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam

Synonyms

  • samarensis Ludlow
    • 1903:138 (A; Stegomyia scutellaris ssp.)
    • Type-loc: Samar, Philippines (USNM)
  • nigritia Ludlow
  • quasinigritia Ludlow

Bionomics

  • Immatures are found in natural containers, including treeholes, bamboo stumps, coconut shells, rockholes, palm fronds, and leaf axils. They are also found in all varieties of artifical containers and will breed indoors. Females readily bite man (Huang 1972).

Medical Importance

  • Vector of dengue and yellow fever in the wild. Under laboratory conditions: bird malarias, Eastern and Western equine encephalitis, West Nile, chikungunya and Japanese encephalitis viruses (Huang 1972).

Additional References

Culicidae » Culicinae » Aedini » Aedes » Stegomyia

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