Author

Distribution

SpeciesMap

Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, British Indian Ocean Territory, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cayman Islands, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Islands (Polynesia), Costa Rica, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Djibouti, Dominica , Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Greece, Grenada, Guadeloupe , Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kiribati, Laos, Madagascar (includes Glorioso, Juan De Nova Is. and Mayotte), Malaysia, Maldives, Mariana Islands, Marshall Islands, Martinique , Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Federated States of, Montserrat, Mozambique, Myanmar (Burma), Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea (Island) - Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa (Ind. State of Samoa, American Samoa, Western Samoa), Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, United States, contiguous lower 48, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virgin Islands, Yemen

Synonyms

Bionomics

  • Larvae can be found in bodies of water containing a high degree of organic pollution and close to human habitation. Females readily enter houses at night and bite man in preference to other mammals (Sirivanakarn 1976).

Medical Importance

  • This species is a vector of avian malaria, a primary vector of Wuchereria bancrofti. Western equine encephalomyelitis and St. Louis encephalitis have been isolated from this species and it has been implicated as a vector of dog heartworm (Carpenter and LaCasse 1955, Sirivanakarn 1976).

Additional References

Culicidae » Culicinae » Culicini » Culex » Culex

HabitusImage